Korean Pine Nut
$5.00 – $10.00
The Korean Pine Nut bears large tasty nuts that are second largest in size after the Italian Stone Pine, however unlike the Italian Stone Pine, the Korean Stone Pine is hardy to -10F.
About Korean Pine Nut
The Korean Pine Nut is a slow growing pyramidal evergreen tree, often called the Korean Stone Pine; similar to the Swiss Stone Pine (P. cembra), but more open branched. It bears large tasty nuts that are second largest in size after the Italian Stone Pine, however unlike the Italian Stone Pine, the Korean Stone Pine is hardy to -10F. Green 2-4 inch needles with blue undersides in clusters of five. Should bear nuts in 6-10 years.
- Latin Name: Pinus koraiensis
- Also Known As: Korean Stone Pine
- Zone: 4-8
- Light: Full Sun, 1/2 Day Sun
- Pollination: Self-fertile.
- Bearing Age: 5 years or more after planting.
- Size at Maturity: 60-70 ft. in height.
- Bloom Time: Spring
- Harvest Time: September
- Type: Seed Grown/Seedling
- Yield: 20+ lbs
- Food Forest Use: Canopy Layer, Understory Layer
- Origin: Native to eastern Asia.
About Pine Nuts
There are about 115 Pine species, but only about 20 of them are useful for nut production.
Pine nuts are ready for harvest about 10 days before the green cones begin to open. The cones are harvested with either long poles (often bamboo), long-handled pruners, or long-handled saws which knock the cones down or by a person who climbs the tree and harvests each cone by hand (the “piñero”). The harvested cones are placed in a bag (burlap is most common) and then exposed to heat (sunlight is most common). In about 20 days, the drying process causes the cone to fully open and the nuts can be extracted, usually by swinging the bag into a hard surface causing the cones to shatter and release the seed. It is possible, but difficult to harvest the seed from the ground after the cone opens on its own. Conversely, animals are very good at harvesting fallen nuts as a food source.
The nuts will need to be shelled after collected from the cone. This can be time consuming if done by hand with a hammer. There are commercial shellers available which are rather expensive. There are also a number of plans for do-it-yourself shellers available online. Read more on pine nuts @tcpermaculture
Edible Uses: Seed – raw or cooked. Rich in oil. A soft texture with a hint of resin in the flavour, it makes a delicious snack and can also be used as a staple food. The seed can also be dried and ground into a powder then used as a flavouring and thickener in soups etc. Fairly large, the seeds are up to16mm x 12mm. A vanillin flavouring is obtained as a by-product of other resins that are released from the pulpwood. Read more on pine nuts @Practical Plants Wiki
Edibility Rating: 4= very useful plants Read more on pine nuts @Plants For A Future
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A guide to choosing the right size
1 Quart = Available for immediate dispatch. Plants are between 3in-36in in height. They are like small plug plants with deep (5in) roots that will get established very quickly.
Bareroot = Field grown plants that have been freshly lifted and supplied with no soil around the roots. Only available during the dormant period November-April.
1 Gallon & larger = Container grown or bare root plants (planted in containers while dormant) and can be planted all year round. Nursery standard container size (also called #1). The size refers to the amount of soil that the container holds which is slightly less than 1 gallon. Please note that at the moment we do not ship gallon and larger plants.