$3.00 – $8.00
Produces edible tubers which are good fresh, in salads, boiled or in soups. Flowers resemble small sun flower or large daisy.
About Jerusalem Artichoke
Perennial. Produces edible tubers which are good fresh, in salads, boiled or in soups. Flowers resemble small sun flower or large daisy. Plants can be used in some landscape situations making a high hedge in one growing season.
Uses of Jerusalem Artichoke
The plant can be grown for human consumption, alcohol production, fructose production and livestock feed.
Similar to water chestnuts in taste, the traditional use of the tuber is as a gourmet vegetable. Jerusalem artichoke tubers resemble potatoes except the carbohydrates composing 75 to 80% of the tubers are in the form of inulin rather than starch. Once the tubers are stored in the ground or refrigerated, the inulin is converted to fructose and the tubers develop a much sweeter taste. Dehydrated and ground tubers can be stored for long periods without protein and sugar deterioration. Tubers can be prepared in ways similar to potatoes. In addition, they can be eaten raw, or made into flour, or pickled. They are available commercially under several names, including sunchokes and lambchokes.
History of Jerusalem Artichoke
Several North American Indian tribes used Jerusalem artichoke as food prior to the arrival of European settlers. The explorer Champlain took Jerusalem artichokes from North America to France in 1605. By the mid 1600s it was widely used as a human food and livestock feed there.
In France, the artichoke is called “topinambour,” although the word “Jerusalem” has several explanations. The artichoke became a staple food for North American pilgrims and was thought of as a new feed in a “new Jerusalem.” A second theory is that the word Jerusalem is a twisting of the Italian word for sunflower-girasol. One additional explanation involves a 17th century gardener named Petrus Hondins of Ter-Heusen, Holland who was known to distribute his artichoke apples throughout Europe. Ter-Heusen was modified to Jerusalem in the United States. In recent years the fresh tubers have been widely marketed in the U.S., but in quite limited quantities.
- Latin Name: Helianthus tuberosus
- Also Known As: Sunchoke
- Zone: 3-9
- Light: Full Sun (6+ Hours Direct Sunlight), 1/2 Day Sun (3-6 Hours Direct Sunlight), 1/4 Day Sun (2-3 Hours Direct Sunlight)
- Bearing Age: 1-2 years after planting.
- Size at Maturity: 8-10 ft. tall. 3-6 ft wide.
- Bloom Time: Fall
- Harvest Time: Winter
- Type: Division
- Food Forest Use: Tuber Layer
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A guide to choosing the right size
1 Quart = Available for immediate dispatch. Plants are between 3in-36in in height. They are like small plug plants with deep (5in) roots that will get established very quickly.
Bareroot = Field grown plants that have been freshly lifted and supplied with no soil around the roots. Only available during the dormant period November-April.
1 Gallon & larger = Container grown or bare root plants (planted in containers while dormant) and can be planted all year round. Nursery standard container size (also called #1). The size refers to the amount of soil that the container holds which is slightly less than 1 gallon. Please note that at the moment we do not ship gallon and larger plants.